Glossary


Important business terms and phrases.
Browse the glossary using this index

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A

Accruals

Expenses paid for in arrears recorded as a current liability in the statement of financial position.

For example, electricity used for period 1 October to 31 December but not invoiced or paid for until 31 January would be recorded as an accrual in the year end accounts to 31 December.

Asset

A resource controlled by an entity as a result of past events and from which future economic benefits will flow, i.e. something valuable that a business controls or owns.

C

Capital Expenditure

Expenditure on non-current assets or items that will be used in a business over a prolonged period of time, e.g. new building, building improvements, furniture, computer equipment.

G

Going concern

An entity that is expected to continue to trade for the foreseeable future (normally one year). Financial statements are prepared on the "going concern" basis.

L

Liability

An obligation arising from past events, the settlement of which will result in an outflow of economic resources, e.g. bank loans, payables.

Liquidity

The ability to convert assets into cash to meet all obligations as they fall due.

M

Materiality

An event or transaction that would affect a users' decision in regards to the accounts, either due to its value or nature.

P

Prepayments

Expenses paid in advance recorded as a current asset in the statement of financial position.

R

Revenue Expenditure

Expenditure incurred for the purpose of trade, e.g. salaries, rent, repairs.